Cold.

Cold dead bones

In a cold dead bed

With a cold dead sheet

And boney cold flowers

Hideous freezing memories

Rising from the dead

Gravestones whistling loudly

People praying silently

Mourning words of peace

Finding madness instead

-Stefania

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Isn’t it incredible?

Isn’t it incredible? How every sunset could be the last one? The most beautiful one? The saddest or the best one?

Isn’t it incredible? How every sunset could be the beginning or the end of a new story? A new life or a new book?

Isn’t it incredible?How we can capture a moment that means more than it’s said and done?

Isn’t it incredible? How a ray of sun can change our mood, our thoughts and all our day?

Isn’t it incredible? How we deeply live these moments? In tune with the world and the sounds around us?

Oh nature! Isn’t it an incredible woman?

Check my EyeEm and Instagram account (_starrynight24_) for more photos🌻

-Stefania

Porcelain

Porcelain spilled all over the sea
Floating lightly
Your white heart lost in the waves
Fragile as it is
Following the storms
Revolving all around
Trying to recompose
From the light and thunder
Shattered into pieces

 

Don’t forget to read my book “The shadow through” on Wattpad, especially if you want to read more poems!

-Stefania

Seams

▶️Petricor-Ludovico Einaudi

The light is fading

Slowly as it seems

The ray of a fallen star.

Shadows are mourning

And the dark is pouring

From a small hole

In the brightest sky.

Leaves are leaving

Like sunken dreams

Apart at the seams.

This is one of my poems from my book on Wattpad! If you want more, check it☺️

Stefania

Small pieces

What am I

If not a small piece of humanity

A breath

A smile

A drop

A tear

What am I

If not a bird

Who flies in the open sky

And sings to the trees

What am I

If not a working ant,

A free horse

Or a sleeping cat

What am I

If not part of this beautiful

Dark

World

-Stefania

Greek lyric

The Greek lyric is the body of lyric poetry and it developed between the 7th century and the early 5th century BC. It’s mainly written in dialects.

Much of Greek lyric is occasional poetry and the symposium is one of the numerous settings where lyric poems were performed. The term “lyric” indicated an accompaniment of the lyre, also known as melic poetry. The lyric was divided in 4 types: elegy, iambics, monodic and choral melic. The elegy was also divided in other 4 subtypes such as the paraenetic, politic , the one about love and the gnomic one.

Paraenetic: παραινέω (parainéo), linked to the war and common values;

Politic: it was about the poleis values. Solon is well known for how political actions as διαλλακτής (diallaktés)

Gnomic: γνώμη (gnóme) “judgement”. It was about politics but it promoted aristocracy.

Iambics.

The word “iambics” could derive from 3 possible words:

  • ιάπτω: (I throw);
  • Ιαμβη: the old woman who helped Demeter when she was looking for her lost daughter;
  1. Ιαμβική ιδέα: “iambic style” (Aristotle).

The main poets were Archilochus, Hypponax and Semonides.

Monodic lyric.

The exponents were Alcaeus, Sappho and Anacreon. Alcaeus and Sappho were eolic, Anacreon was ionic. Alceo and Anacreon mainly wrote against tyranny, Sappho wrote about love and the goddess Aphrodite.

(Sappho)

Choral melic.

The most important authors were Alcman, Stesichorus, Ibycus, Pindar, Simonides and Bacchylides.

(Pindar)

Monodic lyric and choral melic comprehended poems that celebrated athletic victories (epinikia), commemorate the dead, exhort soldiers to valor, and offer religious devotion in the forms of hymns (about Gods and Heroes), paeans (about victory and Apollo) , and dithyrambs. Partheneia, “maiden-songs,” were sung by choruses of maidens at festivals.

-Stefania

P.S. Don’t forget to follow me on instagram! https://www.instagram.com/_bookishitalian_/

Greek tragedy

The Greek tragedy is a form of theatre from Ancient Greece and Asia minor. It’s widely believed to be an extension of the ancient rites done in honour of Dionysus, the god of wine, and it profoundly influenced the theatre of Ancient Rome and the Renaissance. The plots were mainly based upon myths from oral traditions and the narratives were presented by actors. The most well known Greek tragedians were Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides.

Origins.

The origins of the Greek Tragedy are still an unsolved problem. According to Aristotle, the tragedy derived by the satyr dithyramb, an Ancient Greek hymn, which was sung along witch dancing in honour of Dionysus. So we have “τραγῳδία” (tragodía) that derived from τράγος “goat” and ᾠδή “song”, means “song of the goats” (Chorus of Satyrs).

Aristotle writes in the “Poetics” that the tragedy was an improvisation “by these who led off the dithyramb”.

Then the language became more serious and the meter changed from trochaic tetramer to the iambic trimeter. There’s also another hypothesis about Thespis who combined spoken verses with choral songs. So, the tragedy developed and the actors began to interact more with each other.

The three major authors

Aeschylus established the basic rules of tragic drama. He invented the trilogy, a serie of three tragedies that told one long story, and introduced the second actor. Trilogies were performed from sunrise to sunset and, at the end, a satyr play was arranged to revive the public, possibly sad or depressed by the events showed in the play. Comparing the first tragedies with the next ones, it’s possible to see and evolution and enrichment of dialogues, contexts and theatrical effects.

We only have 7 tragedies such as the Persians, Seven against Thebes, the Orestea (Agamemnon, the Libation Bearers and the Eumenides) and the Suppliants.

Sophocles

Many innovations were introduced by Sophocles like the third actor, an increased number of chorus members, the scenery and the use of scenes. We have the Theban plays (Oedipus Rex, Oedipus at Colonus and Antigone). All three plays concern the faith of Thebes during the reign of Oedipus.

Euripides

The peculiarities that distinguished the Euripidean tragedies from those of the other two authors were the technical experimentation and an extreme attention for feelings. He turned the prologue into a monologue, introduced the deus ex machina and lowered the choir’s prominence in favour of a monody sung by the characters. He portrayed the psychological traits and he was excessively realistic. He used female protagonists such as Andromaca, Phaedra and Medea.

Structure

It begins with a prologue, the we have the parodos and the stasima. The tragedy ends with the exodus. Some plays do not adhere to the classic structure.

-Stefania