Sandro Botticelli was one of the greatest painters of the Florentine Reinassance. He is well known for The birth of Venus and Primavera.
The birth of Venus
Botticelli’s name derived from that of his elder brother Giovanni, a pawnbroker who was called Botticello (“little barrel”).
Most of the informations we have come from Giorgio Vasari’s “Lives of the most eminent Painters, Sculptors and architects”.
His master was Filippo Lippi and he was fundamental to Botticelli’s own artistic formation, and his influence was evident even in his late works. Luppi taught Botticelli the techniques of panel painting and fresco and helped him with the linear perspective.
He changed his style in 1460: he replaces Lippi’s delicate approach with a vigorous naturalism, shaped always by the conception of ideal beauty. By 1470 he was established in Florence as an indipendente master with his own workshop. He never married and he lived with his family.
He worked in all the current genres od Florentine art. He painted altarpieces, tondi, small panel pictures and small devotional triptychs.
The Madonna of the Pomegranate, 1487.
Botticelli’s skill in portraiture gained him the patronage of the Medici Family, in particular Lorenzo De Medici and his brother Giuliano.
He alsi painted mythological scenes such as Primavera (1477-1482), Pallas and the Centaur (1485), Venus and Mars (1485) and The birth of Venus (1485).
He died in 1510.
Pallas and the Centaur
Venus and Mars